The 401k account is an excellent way to save significant amounts for retirement. Contributions are pre-tax, meaning you can contribute and invest a substantial amount and enjoy potential tax-deferred growth.
However, determining the precise amount you need to save for retirement can be difficult. There is a lot to consider, such as your current salary, desired lifestyle, investment returns, future tax brackets, and much more.
A 401k calculator does a lot of the hard work for you by showing your growth based on these and other factors.
This article will explain how a 401k calculator works and why you should use one when planning for retirement.
How Does a 401k Calculator Work?
A 401k calculator can provide you with an estimate of how much you’ll need to retire comfortably. It uses several pieces of information to do so, such as:
- Annual salary
- Annual salary increase percentage
- Expected annual rate of return
- Current 401k Balance
- Employer Match
This offers you several benefits:
Helps Calculate Realistic Savings Goals
401k calculators make it easier to calculate realistic savings goals. They let you work forwards or backward.
For instance, you can enter the monthly contributions you can afford and see what you will have in retirement. From there, you can see if that’ll meet your goals and determine what to do.
On the other hand, you can start with your total retirement needs, then work backward to determine your monthly savings needs based on your potential investment returns. You can then compare that to your current contributions.
Can Suggest Options For Reaching Your Goals
A 401k calculator can tell you whether you’re behind, on track, or saving more than you need to. Some also offer advice to help you accelerate your progress, such as increasing contributions or investing more aggressively.
Assists With Planning For Healthcare Expenses
Healthcare costs tend to rise as we get older. In retirement, you may qualify for Medicare, but that coverage may not fulfill your needs depending on your health at retirement age.
A 401k calculator can help you build up more savings to cover medical expenses in retirement.
Helps You Optimize Your Investment Choices
401k plans generally offer a few funds of differing risk levels and time horizons. These funds may not meet your investment goals. For example, you may prefer to invest more aggressively if retirement is still decades away.
A 401k calculator can help you estimate what kinds of potential returns to expect on those funds. If they aren’t enough to reach your goals, you can consider opening an account like a traditional IRA. These also allow pre-tax contributions but let you invest in nearly any conventional security.
Assists With Retirement Tax Planning
401ks have IRS-defined Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) in retirement, meaning you must withdraw a certain amount each year.
Furthermore, 401k withdrawals in retirement are generally taxed as ordinary income. Saving too much in a 401k could cause you to pay more taxes each year on money you don’t need.
A 401k calculator can approximate your 401k retirement balance to fix this. For example, if your estimated RMDs are larger than you need, you could reduce 401k contributions and redirect them toward a Roth IRA. Roth IRA contributions are not pre-tax, but qualified retirement withdrawals are tax-free.
The Bottom Line
A 401k calculator clears a lot of the fog around retirement planning. It can help you create a realistic end goal and monthly savings amounts, and it plays a key role in budgeting for healthcare in retirement.
Once the 401k calculator determines your retirement balance, it can suggest actions such as investing more aggressively or upping your contributions. These results also help you decide if you need to open other accounts, such as a traditional or Roth IRA, to expand investment choices or optimize retirement tax planning.
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