The global thermal power plant market was valued at $1,345.0 billion in 2020 and projected to reach $1,820.7 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 3.2% from 2021 to 2030. Demand for thermal power plant has witnessed tremendous growth driven by escalating demand for energy on account of rapid industrialization and the increase in dependence on electrification. Rise in construction spending for developing residential buildings owing to the surge in population coupled with increase in disposable income is expected to consume more energy during the forecast period. Furthermore, national grids are getting pressurized which is resulting in increased demand-supply gap for power which is eventually driving the demand for thermal power plant, due to growing urbanization.

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In addition, increase in urbanization and industrialization mainly in the developing nations such as China, India, and Brazil has increased the demand for electricity which is anticipated to drive the demand for thermal power plants in the upcoming years. Besides research and development initiations to lower operating cost, streamline logistical procedures, and increase efficiency offers an ample number of prospects for the industry participants.

However, advent of environmentally friendly technologies, strict regulations regarding greenhouse gas emissions, and health issues associated with the coal-fired power generation are expected to hamper the growth of the thermal power plant market during the forecast period. Furthermore, advancement in combustion technologies is expected to provide growth opportunities for the thermal power plant market during the forecast period.

By fuel type, the global thermal power plant market size is studied across coal, gas, nuclear, and others. The coal segment accounted for the largest market share in 2020, as coal is a key source for power generation due to its abundant availability and low cost compared to other power generation processes. The coal segment dominated the global thermal power plant market with nearly half of the total market share in 2020.

Region-wise, the global thermal power plant market is studied across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA. Asia-Pacific accounted for the largest market share in 2020, owing to upcoming power generation projects and growing industrialization. Asia-Pacific accounted for a major thermal power plant market share in 2020, and dominated the global market with more than two-fifths of the total market share in 2020.

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The major players studied and profiled in the global thermal power plant industry are American Electric Power Company, China Huaneng Group Co. Ltd., Dominion Energy Solutions Inc., Duke Energy Corporation, Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd., Jindal India Thermal Power Limited, NTPC Limited, RWE Aktiengesellschaft, and Tenaga Nasional Berhad.

COVID-19 analysis:

The sudden outbreak of the novel coronavirus has put the world to halt. The coal industry is among the worst affected industries, lockdowns imposed by governments of various countries has caused temporary and even permanent closures of power plant across the globe due to decline in demand for power. The European Union (EU) imports of coal for thermal power plants plunged by almost two-thirds in recent months to reach lows not seen in 30 years.

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